Important Periodontal Disease Information for Florham Park, NJ
Healthy gums enhance the appearance of your teeth, like a frame around a beautiful painting. But when your gums become unhealthy, they can become swollen and red, or they can begin to recede. Later, if treatment is avoided, your teeth can shift, loosen, or fall out. These changes not only affect your ability to chew and speak, they also spoil your smile. Periodontal therapy will help you retain your teeth and will reduce inflammation in your gums.
About Periodontal Disease
Dental plaque is the primary cause of periodontal disease. Certain bacteria found in plaque produce toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, causing inflammation and bleeding. If the irritation is prolonged, the gums will separate from the teeth, causing pockets to form. As periodontal disease progresses, the supporting gum tissue and bone will deteriorate, creating the opportunity for tooth loss. Many patients with gum disease show obvious symptoms, but many others do not. More than 80 percent of Americans will have struggled with some form of gum disease by the age of 45.
Preventing Periodontal Disease
The best way to prevent gum disease is through daily brushing and flossing. Unfortunately, even with the best home care routine you can still develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this happens, professional treatment is needed.
Periodontal Disease and Your Overall Health
- Periodontal Disease & Tobacco – Current studies have linked periodontal disease with tobacco usage. These cases may even be more severe. Not only is there a greater accumulation of calculus on teeth, the pockets between the gums and teeth are deeper and bone loss is more severe. What’s more, chemicals in tobacco, such as nicotine and tar, impede the healing process.
- Diabetes & Oral Health – Individuals suffering from diabetes, have a higher risk of developing bacterial infections in the mouth. These infections may impair your ability to process insulin, resulting in greater difficulty with your diabetes. Periodontal diseases will be more severe and treatment more difficult. However, well-controlled diabetics have a lower incidence of cavities.
- Women & Periodontal Health – Throughout a woman’s life, hormonal changes affect the tissue throughout the body. Fluctuations occur during puberty, pregnancy and menopause. At these times, the chance of periodontal disease may increase, requiring special care.
- Puberty – During puberty, the body produces more sex hormones. These higher levels increase gum sensitivity and lead to greater irritations from plaque and food particles. As a result, gums can become swollen, turn red, and feel tender.
- Menstruation – Similar symptoms occasionally appear several days before menstruation. The gums may bleed or become bright red or swollen on the inside of the cheek. Your symptoms will clear up once your period has started. As the amount of sex hormones decrease, so too will these problems.
- Pregnancy – Between the second and eighth month of pregnancy, your gums may swell, bleed, and become red or tender. Large lumps may also appear as a reaction to local irritants. However, these growths are generally painless and not cancerous. They may require professional removal, but usually disappear after pregnancy. Because periodontal infections can place a baby’s health at risk, proper home care and careful periodontic monitoring is vital during pregnancy.
- Oral Contraceptives – Swelling, bleeding, and tenderness of the gums may also occur when you are taking oral contraceptives, which are synthetic hormones. You must mention any prescriptions you’re taking, including oral contraceptives, prior to medical or dental treatment. This will help eliminate the risk of drug interactions, such as antibiotics with oral contraceptives, where the effectiveness of the contraceptive can be lessened.
- Menopause – Changes in the look and feel of your mouth may occur if you are menopausal or post-menopausal. These changes include feelings of pain or burning in your gum tissue and salty, peppery, or sour tastes.
Would you like to learn more about periodontal disease and how it’s treated? Call Metropolitan Periodontics & Implantology Associates, PA with your questions or to schedule an appointment. Dr. Rynar is happy to provide periodontal therapy to patients in New York, New Jersey, and all surrounding communities.
Back to Services